Alcoholism is a chronic disease that can destroy a person’s career and family. It can also be fatal to their health if left untreated.
When you intake alcohol on a regular basis heavily, it may cause changes chemically in your brain. For example, it alters the composition of the body’s gamma-aminobutyric acids, which function to inhibit impulsiveness, and glutamate, which stimulates the nervous system. Excessive drinking also tends to deplete these chemicals, which can depress the nervous system and damage vital areas of the brain.
When you lose control over your tongue or posture, it is an obvious symptom of alcohol abuse. In the same way, memory loss, fatigue, muscle weakness, and paralysis also is a symptom of alcoholism. When a person drinks heavily, it can even take them to coma and they may never wake up from that.
In addition to the potentially fatal effects of alcohol poisoning to the brain, other organs, such as the liver, can also be seriously affected. Excessive drinking causes alcohol hepatitis, a condition that is characterized by inflammation of the liver. Its symptoms include appetite loss, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, fever, tenderness, jaundice, and dizziness. If heavy drinking continues, hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis, which is characterized by progressive scarring and destruction of the liver tissues.
The alcoholic people also suffer from gastric problems. It includes inflammation of the stomach which leads to an uncomfortable problem called ‘gastritis’. A person suffering from gastritis will not be able to absorb nutrients through their stomachs such as folic acid, thiamin, and Vitamin B. When alcohol is consumed in heavy quantities, it also damages the pancreas and interferes with the organ�s creation of hormones that regulate metabolism of the body by creating enzymes for digestion. It can also lead to a variety of cardiovascular problems, such as high blood pressure, and can even damage the heart muscle – a condition called ‘cardiomyopathy’. Cardiomyopathy significantly increases the possibilities of a heart attack.
Diabetes is another common disease amongst alcoholics. High alcohol intake prevents the liver from releasing glucose, which increases the risk of hypoglycemia (characterized by low blood sugar). This severe condition is dangerous for someone who is suffering from blood sugar levels increase and is suffering from diabetes.
The prolonged alcoholism tends to damage of the reproductive system leading to dysfunctional problems in men and menstrual problems in women. The alcoholism during pregnancy is completely dangerous and due to this, it can give rise to the alcoholic syndrome, and the child is born with defects such as abnormal things in head, short eyelids, abnormalities, and heart defects.
The research indicates that alcoholism makes a person riskier to cancer and diseases like the esophagus, liver, colon, and larynx.